Architecture and Urbanism
Saldungaray's Cemetery, province of Buenos Aires
A work by Francisco Salamone, an Italian architect who, between 1936 and 1940 created more than 70 buildings in 31 villages of the Province of Buenos Aires.
Francisco Salamone was born in Sicily, Italy on June 5, 1897, but lived in Argentina from childhood onwards. It was in this country were he left his eccentric architectonic legacy, which made his work unclassifiable in his time and capable of arising a mixture of awe and fascination still today.
Thanks to his friendship with Manuel Fresco, governor of the province of Buenos Aires during the 1930’s, Salamone was assigned the monumental task of modernizing the public buildings of the province, with the idea that bigger buildings would provide the basis for a substantial growth.
In only 4 years, between 1936 and 1940, Salamone created more than 70 buildings in 31 villages of the Province of Buenos Aires. Among these, government houses, cemeteries, slaughterhouses, squares, arcades, street furniture, as well as sidewalks and public lighting, form a fantastic and boundless architectonic universe that remains intact in smaller cities.
Admirer of Mussolini, and influenced by Italian Futurism, the Bauhaus and the Art Deco, Salamone sought to design works that articulate the symbolism of the place and its location with a feeling of belonging of the inhabitants and the protection of the welfare state.
Very tall geometric towers, large circular spaces, compelling Christian symbols, perfect lines, interaction between lights and shadows, black and white stones, are some features of his designs; which, in many cases seem to have been placed in the scene as some sort of backstage decoration that someone left behind.
His great ally for the construction of these huge futuristic buildings with which he covered the Pampas was concrete.
Monumental gates symbolising the reintegration of the body with the Earth characterize Salamone’s cemeteries, e.g. Saldungaray’s.
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Última actualización: 20 de Septiembre de 2010
Autor de la nota: Grondona Olmi, Verónica
Traducido por: Veronica Grondona